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How Does a Plasma Cutter Work? Although a plasma cutter is a tool that isn’t as familiar as common tools we use, it is something that the industrial setting looks upon as essential, especially in dealing with metal and steel. But because you’re here, maybe you have some kind of responsibility related to learning what a plasma cutter does. Anyway, you can’t learn a thing or two about how this tool works without first learning what plasma really is. You definitely have come across the term since your science teacher in high school told you about plasma as the fourth state of matter. In typical levels, heat will transform liquid into gas. But if the same heat is once again increased, it will eventually ionize gases, making them electrically conductive. This particular scenario leads to the creation of plasma. So how does the plasma cutter use this process for industrial purposes? In order for the tool to work, it will be utilizing the electrically conductive state of gas in order to transfer some energy coming from a power supply to the conductive material. What happens then is that something more capable than the use of oxyfuel is created and is intended for a faster and more cost-efficient cutting process.
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There are several different components of the usual plasma cutting system. The major components include that of the power supply, arc starting console, and the plasma torch. The power supply works by converting either a single or three phase AC line voltage into a constant DC voltage from 200 and up to 400 VDC. The DC voltage plays an important role of maintaining the plasma arc throughout the cutting process.
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On the other hand, the arc circuit will be the one that will produce the spark inside of the plasma torch and in turn create the plasma arc necessary for cutting. The plasma torch on the other hand is intended and designed to provide proper alignment and cooling of the consumables. The term, “consumables” mean the parts that are needed for the generation of the plasma arc, and they include the electrode, nozzle, and swirl ring. On the other hand, there are instances when additional layer of shielding cap is required in the cutting process for the purpose of improving the quality of the same. You also must understand that all the parts are designed to be held together by inner and outer retaining caps. Lastly, should you be given the job to purchase a plasma cutter, you must know that your two main options are the conventional and the precision plasma cutter. As their terms suggests, expect the conventional type to be more affordable than the precision type; but the latter is definitely the one you need if you need to perform the sharpest and highest quality cuts.


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